As the name suggests, this breed of dog descends from the mastiff dogs that were wandering around Newfoundland in the 17th century. As you may have guessed, it is a large breed of dogs weighing around 100 pounds (47 kg) when they are adults. Raising a Newfoundland puppy can be very rewarding or challenging if training does not start at an early age. Following some relatively simple steps, you and your Newfoundland puppy can have a long and happy adventure together.
Knowing the Newfoundland dog: character and characteristics
Knowing your dog is a basic requirement to know how to offer Nutritional requirements and the care he needs to show optimal development at every stage of his life. The Newfoundland is an impossible dog to go unnoticed wherever it goes ... It stands out quickly for its big size, for its large body mass, and for its abundant fur.
An adult male can measure up to 71 cm at the cross and weigh around 68 kg, while females usually have a height at the cross of about 66 cm and weigh 54 kg.
Despite her imposing figure and undeniable beauty, it is the personality of the Newfoundland that is truly charming: her temperament is naturally balanced, sociable, affectionate and devoted. In fact, the FCI itself (International Cynological Federation) defines the Newfoundland as a cheerful, gentle and creative dog, which reflects kindness and sweetness.
However, it is important to remember that the behavior of each dog depends primarily on education, the environment and the care offered by their tutors. A Newfoundland must be properly socialized as a puppy to learn to relate to people, other animals, their toys and the elements of their home. In addition, training will be essential both to keep you physically and mentally stimulated, and to teach you to respect the rules of your home.
While they are strong and tough dogs, Newfoundland have genetic predisposition to develop certain pathologies. Like any giant dog that has an accelerated growth, the Newfoundland is susceptible to degenerative diseases, such as hip and elbow dysplasia. Their tendency to be glutton and the impetus to ingest food very quickly, can result in obesity or digestive disorders, such as gas, in addition to leaving them vulnerable to gastric torsion. Also among the most common diseases in this breed, we find pulmonary stenosis, cataracts, aortic stenosis and von Willebrand disease.
Newfoundland weight chart
Next we will show you a graph that represents the growth and development of a newfoundland dog, in males (blue) and females (red). Pay attention to the weight chart It is essential to understand how the correct feeding of the Newfoundland dog should be:
Newfoundland puppy feeding
It is always important to remember the importance of respecting the age of weaning when adopting a puppy. When a dog is separated from its mother ahead of time, it usually has a immune system more fragile throughout his life, and can demonstrate learning and socialization difficulties. During its first 2 or 3 months of life, the ideal food for a Newfoundland puppy is breast milk. If for some reason you had to adopt a prematurely weaned puppy, it will be essential to offer infant formula to meet their nutritional needs, for sale in veterinary centers.
The arrival of second month of life announces that children can start trying new foods and be introduced to the diet they will maintain during their childhood. At this time, you will need to choose whether you want to offer your Newfoundland puppy a natural diet or base its diet on an industrialized feed. Ideally, ask your trusted veterinarian for guidance to clarify the pros and cons of each option. Also, remember that any nutritional change must be made slowly and gradually, either in an adult dog or in a puppy.
If you are inclined to provide a natural and homemade diet to your newfoundland, you should consult with a veterinarian the foods to offer, the amounts and the use of natural supplements for puppies to prevent nutritional deficiencies. The professional will be able to calculate the appropriate doses of food and the daily doses according to the development and the specific needs of each puppy.
But if the second option seems more appropriate, you should choose a I think high-end, specially prepared for the nutrition of puppies (these products are usually labeled "Puppy" Y "Junior").
The composition of the chosen feed should be highly energetic and contain the appropriate proportions of the 5 essential nutrients for the development of every puppy: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins and minerals. As the Newfoundland is a giant and solid dog, with a tendency to degenerative musculoskeletal diseases, it is vital that its infant nutrition also includes a extra dose of calcium. In any case, it must be supervised and recommended by the veterinarian.
Although feed and supplements should provide all the essential nutrients to your Newfoundland, we recommend including homemade recipes for puppies in a timely manner to add flavor, texture and moisture to their diet, and prevent your child from getting bored of always eating the same. However, remember that you must not mix dry feed with fresh or cooked food, since they have different times of digestion.
How much does a Newfoundland puppy dog eat? And how many times a day?
In addition to guaranteeing the feed quality of your puppy, you should look at the daily amount of food you offer. Your Newfoundland should eat enough to enjoy optimal physical and mental development, but excess food can promote obesity and harm your health.
Most feed Indicate in your own packaging the appropriate dose of food according to the age, size and weight of each puppy. However, the ideal is consult your veterinarian To confirm the amount of food and how many daily meals your Newfoundland puppy should receive at each stage of its growth.
Remember that you must divide the total grams indicated on the package into several daily rations. Here are how many times a day a Newfoundland puppy should eat:
- 2 - 3 months: 4 daily rations
- 4 - 5 months: 3 daily rations
- 6 - 8 months: 2 or 3 daily rations
- 8 - 12 months: 2 or 3 daily rations
Adult Newfoundland dog feeding
When your Newfoundland reaches its first year of life, it can already be considered an adult dog. Then, it will be time to change your balanced food Junior for a high-end feed oriented for the nutrition of adult dogs of giant size (they are usually labeled commercially as "Adult"). Again, we recommend having a specialist's opinion before choosing a new feed and making any changes to your hairy diet.
As it is a dog with an abundant muscle mass, the Newfoundland should consume high quality proteins and carbohydrates and easy assimilation, which will be the energy base of its metabolism. He protein percentage Minimum of your feed should not be less than 25%, while carbohydrates should be present moderately so as not to favor overweight or intoxicate your body. Good fats, like the omega 3 and 6, will be essential to strengthen your cardiovascular system and stimulate your cognitive ability. On the other hand, fibers, vitamins and minerals, should complement your diet, to provide better digestion and absorption of nutrients, in addition to strengthening your immune system.
During the adult phase, it will be highly recommended that your Newfoundland consume supplements and vitamins to strengthen your joints and prevent the symptoms of hip and elbow dysplasias. Therefore, remember to consult your veterinarian about the best nutritional supplements for Newfoundland dogs.
How much does an adult Newfoundland dog eat?
Already in its adult stage, the Newfoundland dog can receive between one and three daily rations of food, being recommended to divide the total into two daily shotsIn this way, the dog will feel satiated for longer.
As in the case of puppies, the amount of food if we refer to a I think or commercial food, will depend directly on the brand chosen, which will show the quantity Daily recommended according to your age and weight. In some cases it is also detailed according to physical activity or stage.
On the other hand, if we decide to feed our dog with homemade diets, we must take into account its weight to calculate proportionally the necessary kilocalories. Thus, a male and an adult female Newfoundland dog should receive the following daily kilocalories:
- 68 kg adult Newfoundland male: 2,165 kilocalories daily (approx.)
- 54 kg adult Newfoundland female: 1,719 kilocalories daily (approx.)
Feeding an elderly Newfoundland
When your Newfoundland turns 7, it will have reached "canine seniors." Then, you must change your feed "Adult" by one "Senior"with Premium quality. It is also recommended that you know and consult your veterinarian about vitamins for elderly dogs, which help keep your immune system stable.
Elderly Newfoundland dogs require special attention to their nutrition to avoid obesity, in addition to contemplating the natural loss of muscle mass and the wear of your bones and joints. Therefore, your feed should contain a lower caloric index than adults and be easily digestible.
Can I offer a BARF diet to my Newfoundland dog?
The BARF or ACBA diet (Biologically Adequate Raw Food) proposes the balanced consumption of raw bones with meat and muscle (60%), lean and raw meat (25%) and moderate portions of vegetables, fruits, eggs and offal (15%). It is very important to remember that the bones should never be cooked, to avoid the risk of splintering and damaging the digestive tract of the dog.
This type of diet offers numerous health benefits our best friends On the one hand, they allow you to improve your digestion and optimize nutrient absorption, positively impacting your immune system. In addition, it facilitates oral hygiene, preventing the accumulation of waste and the formation of tartar. We must also mention that fresh and natural food brings freshness, flavor and texture to the dog's diet, as well as eliminates the consumption of preservatives and additives present in feed.
Wondering if a BARF diet is recommended for your Newfoundland? Well, you should know that every dog, whether mixed breed or defined breed, can enjoy the benefits of the BARF diet. But your tutors should have the guidance of a veterinarian to adjust the daily amount of food based on the age, weight and size of your hairy, and avoid any nutritional deficiency. If you decide to start your Newfoundland in a homemade and natural diet, do not forget to know our BARF dog diet recipes and do not forget to choose high quality products to avoid the risk of transmission of pathogens.
It is worth emphasizing that the transition from a traditional diet (based on dry feed) to a raw and natural diet must be carried out slowly and gradually so as not to damage the digestive tract of the dog.
Tips for the good feeding of the Newfoundland dog
Finally, we offer you a guide with general tips for feeding the Newfoundland dog:
If you want to read more articles similar to Newfoundland dog feeding, we recommend that you enter our Balanced Diets section.
Everything you should know about Newfoundland
Raised over the centuries to be a great temperament dog, the kindness of what is also known as Newfoundland It is one of its most outstanding virtues. Your intelligence and immense eagerness to please will also captivate you from the start,
If you take a Newfoundland home, you will know the pure fidelity. As for his admirable life instincts, they don't leave anyone indifferent either, and this dog is not going to hesitate to jump into the water (which fascinates him), to save every person who is in danger.
This dog was raised in principle by the fishermen of Domain of an area that today belongs to Canada, called Newfoundland (where its name obviously comes from).
A first theory about its origin suggests that it comes from a old mountain dog which over time evolved in the northernmost Canadian areas.
A second theory holds that the race at hand is the result of crossing Labrador specimens with others from the Norwegian dog named Elkhound. Both a dog and another would have been taken to the island of Newfoundland by explorers.
Upon their return from the expedition, these explorers carried such dogs, whose multiple qualities caused them to expand rapidly along the coast of France and England.
Today the breed is widespread throughout almost the world, being accepted increasingly better both for its character and for its appreciated peculiarities, which cover various fields, which makes its copies very versatile dogs.
As a working dog it is still wonderful, although less likely to prove it, in water rescue work, given that it has a powerful muscular structure and a very thick double layer coat, in addition to webbed feet and undoubted innate swimming skills.
Legend has it that on one occasion a Newfoundland saved 63 sailors from what would have been a certain death, such is the power of this rescue dog in the water. This would support the thesis that the water dog had also been present in its formation.
Performing fisherman dutiesIt is also very valid to bite and subsequently drag very large fish to the shore. As if all this were not enough, he is also an excellent dog of sled, work in which its strength constitutes a point in its favor.
Characteristics and physical features
With a height at the cross of 71 centimeters and a weight that is between 50 and 68 kilos, this giant dog is powerful, muscular and solid, with well coordinated movements ...
His ears, which are inserted well back, are triangular and small, with rounded edges. His neck He is muscular and strong, well seated on his shoulders and long enough for the head to show a distinguished bearing. The double chin should be moderate.
It's tail It is strong and wide at the base, serving as a rudder while the Newfoundland is swimming. When the dog is at rest it has fallen and slightly curved at the tip, reaching the hock. When it is in motion or is animated, it carries it straight and with a slight upward curve.
Color and fur
Its fur is composed of a double layer of hairwaterproof. The outer layer is smooth, without curls, allowing a slight wave, and moderately long. The inner layer is dense and soft. Its density is higher in winter than in summer, although it will be present in any season of the year in chest and rump.
The hair of the ears, head and snout is thin and short. The front and rear legs have bangs. The tail is completely covered with dense and long hair, without having a flag shape.
As for its color variety, you can find specimens of Newfoundland brown or brown, black and white with black spots.
If you are determined to take a Newfoundland home, it implies that you have to admit that Your love for water will make you scruffy more times than you expect. Getting wet and getting muddy are two of his favorite activities, which he will not hesitate to practice whenever possible.
In return, you will adopt a dog kind and loving until exhaustion, making it ideal for families. Now, you have to keep in mind that this dog needs a lot of contact with all the members of the family nucleus, a need that could make him lose his magnificent character in the event that he was not covered.
For this reason, if you are a person whose work occupations allow little free time and you do not have family members at home who can keep company with this beautiful dog, you better not make the adoption.
Elegant, harmonic, strong and resistant, this dog that in principle may seem heavy given its size, moves with absolute ease, typical of the breed, moderately balancing the back. In water, its resistance is unsurpassed And nothing with impressive agility.
Affectionate and gentle as few, this dog is also good, sociable and sensitive. Despite its great adaptability, its colossal size suggests that it is not a dog to live in a flat. If you plan to share a home with one of its specimens, it is best to have a house with a garden or land in which this big guy can feel free.
Newfoundland will need exercise daily To stay in good shape. Among the exercises you can practice with him are those of collect items, which doesn't matter if they are in sight or hidden. Also the walks must be part of your daily routine.
A day in the open air where you take it somewhere like a swamp where you can swim, will make this dog cheerful and creative, the happiest in the world and help you channel the much energy that dogs of this size accumulate .
If you adopt a puppy Newfoundland you will have the opportunity to see how their affectionate, gentle, sociable and sweet temperament is evolving, being at first quite more restless, to gradually become a less active dog over the years, since it shake before, because age influences.
Anyway, despite the sweetness that characterizes this dog, even a puppy is not too playful, but yes very nice, a circumstance in which the type of socialization it has received is also decisive.
Do not forget that if you are going to take care of a Newfoundland with a few months of age, the animal will not be able to learn by imitation of the rest of its biological family members, so the responsibility for its optimal learning will fall exclusively in you and yours.
In the case of large and giant dogs, given their physical power, an intense socialization process is absolutely mandatory On the part of the owners, it is not the same as a spoiled Yorkshire facing his family and the rest of the people around him, that a Newfoundland does.
Therefore, it is vital that you consider that this dog will need an adequate process of socialization that should begin as soon as his vaccination schedule allows you, going outside to relate naturally to the rest of passers-by and their pets. In this way you will not perceive them as a threat at any time, knowing how to function normally in daily life.
Another question that you must ask yourself to clarify if you can be an ideal owner for a Newfoundland is if you are willing to carry out the effort of breeding one of these dogs and if you have enough strength to control this huge can in case that you need it because, for some reason, it is outside itself.
Relationship with other pets
The good character of the dogs of this breed makes them suitable for living with other pets, which will give you the possibility to enjoy the company of different animals at the same time, if that is what you want. For everything to flow normally, these pets should be properly socialized and, as far as possible, grow together.
Relationship with children
Always willing to take a little time with the little ones on the hunt (except when he wants to take a nap), the Newfoundland will become an excellent companion for your children, who will not hesitate to protect at any price, squandering with them love. It goes without saying that if these dogs do not hesitate to put their own lives at stake to save a castaway, what would they not do for those they consider their children?
So true is this fact, that Newfoundland is considered a “nanny dog”, given the diligence that will show in the care of your children, so that many families choose it already thinking that the childhood of their children will be marked for good by the presence of this loving dog.
What has been said does not mean that you can leave the little ones and your faithful canine friend alone every time they play, because it happens on many occasions that an animal of this size, without pretending it, causes young children to end up on the ground by accident .
Sharing life with a giant dog will provide you with multiple satisfactions, but at the same time it requires a personal and economic effort that you will have to calibrate before adoption.
Remember that a dog is not a whim that you can return if once at home is not your taste, so meditate calmly if the Newfoundland is, with all its virtues and defects, the dog you are looking for.
Bath and drying
Bathing and drying a Newfoundland at home is not too easy, especially if the owner does not have the necessary patience. If you do not feel like facing this work personally, you can choose to take your strong friend to a canine aesthetic center, deciding there if you want to leave the task in professional hands or use the carwash which many have.
Newfoundland's hair must be brushed daily so that its mantle remains safe from dirt particles, as well as some possible parasites that manage to nest in it. For these purposes, check your dog thoroughly every time you return from walking through areas such as forests or gardens, which may be prone to infestation.
Use the right brushes for your hair type and relax with your noble friend while you carry out a task that may end up pleasing you a lot, and that will also help you strengthen your emotional ties.
Vaccines and antiparasitic treatments
The responsibility of an owner includes guaranteeing his dog all the veterinary treatments he needs, which also covers those destined for the prevention of certain diseases and that consist of providing you with the vaccines that you require.
Nor should you allow parasites to nest in their mantle or inside their body, so you must place the antiparasitic pipettes and collars Let the experts tell you, in order to keep you away from them.
More common diseases
This "giant of the Kingdom" is an eminently healthy dog that is worth knowing, which is not an obstacle for it to be affected over the years by certain ailments, such as elbow dysplasia, so typical of large dogs, or known as cystinuria, a bladder malformation.
A thorough routine check at least once a year by your veterinarian is one of the best gifts you can give your big friend, so that any complications that begin to appear in your body, is detected in time by this professional.
His serenity and his genuine gentleness Always accompany the Newfoundland. Of course, this formidable dog, which has historically been a great help as a lifesaver and fisherman's assistant, dragging the fishing nets when the ship returned, is accustomed to work and has no resemblance to a lap dog.
His work to rescue people and small ships In turbulent waters it is really worthy of praise, as is the one used to transport goods between ships. Unfortunately, on many occasions these dogs drowned while carrying lifelines to sinking ships.
How guard dog It is also highly valued because its deep bark and its superb appearance act as deterrents for intruders, so this can be very versatile.
As a result of all that we are telling you will intuit that, although these dogs fulfill the function of today's companion dog for most of the families that adopt them, they are not sedentary animals, but rather they need constant exercise, highlighting his taste for long walks.
It is important that you take yours for good walks but do not forget that once these dogs reach adulthood, the excessive weight they have to support their pastes, lead to their bone structure that is already delicate and fine , suffers. Whenever you take him out for hard walks, go making stops, during which he tries to drink and rest.
It goes without saying that if you are considering adopting a Newfoundland you also have to take into account your type of character, because a person who has problems to exercise his authority should not consider having a dog with such a wingspan, as we have already indicated.
Nor is anyone who has no previous experience in dogs suitable for educating a giant dog, which requires a lot of skill in training. It would not be the first time that an owner who does not think about the consequences of a decision of size caliber, ends up having to give the animal again for failure to be able to get hold of it, with the consequent frustration that such proceeding causes on both sides.
The ideal owner, therefore, for this dog is one who has a strong and safe character and that from his experience he knows how to transmit it to his dog, getting the animal to identify in him the authentic leader of the pack That is worthy of all your respect and admiration.
Getting your Newfoundland to see this figure in you happens because you know how to stay in your place and do not give "your arm to twist" once you have pronounced in a certain sense. Allowing your dog to gain positions in the family hierarchy, by giving in to his wishes, will do him a disservice.
Once this can stop respecting you, it will be very difficult for him to trust you again, to the point that he is going to want to assume the role of leader, something that you cannot allow, but which will cost you a lot of effort to make him understand.
Prevent this from being firm and consistent from the outset with your Newfoundland, so that your faithful friend understands that a "Do not" It means exactly that and not "maybe", which will make him a balanced dog.
Newfoundland, like most dogs, will react very positively to positive reinforcement techniques, which surely already have great references, because their good results do not take long to arrive as soon as the owners get ready to reward the desired attitudes of their pets.