Dachshunds are brave adorable dogs, which have won the heart of many a dog owner. Also known as weiner dogs, this breed is usually energetic, although many become overweight sausage dogs. Excess weight in this type of dog can pose many health problems, which is why it is important to determine what is the ideal weight for your dachshund and keep it there.
Examine your dog from above and determine if he has a waist. If the body narrows in behind the ribs and you cannot see the bones, that is probably your ideal weight. If you can't find a waist over your dachshund, you may be overweight.
Palpate your dachshund. You should be able to feel your dog's ribs and spine without a large amount of padding in the middle. If you are unable to feel anything, but the stuffing, your dachshund is not at your ideal weight and needs to lose a few pounds.
Check with your veterinarian as to what works best for your dog. Each dachshund is different and must weigh what is healthy for each dog.
It depends on the type
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The American Kennel Club recognizes two types of dachshunds: the miniature sausage dog and the standard variety. The first is characterized by weighing less than 11 pounds (5 kg) when it reaches 12 months, while the weight of the second can vary from 16 to 32 pounds (7 to 14 kg) when the puppy reaches the year of age. Variations in the standard make it difficult to target the exact weight for a 5 month old puppy.
Lineage can also determine size and weight
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Dog owners will have a better sense of the size that the puppy will reach when they become familiar with their parents. The bigger they are, the bigger the puppy will be. This is especially important when you consider that the weight of the standard can vary up to 16 pounds (7 kg).
portrait of a longhaired puppy dachshund image by Ivonne Wierink from Fotolia.com
Standard and miniature sausage dogs are prone to health problems, including obesity. Their elongated bodies are susceptible to dislocations or rupture of their vertebral discs, and these problems increase when they are obese. Be aware of your dog's weight, but use his history as a guide. Check the measurement of your waist and rib cage regularly. A narrowing of the waist and ribs that can be easily felt under the skin layer is a sign of a healthy weight. Consult your veterinarian regularly. Give the puppy good eating habits to keep him healthy and to help ensure a long and pleasant life.
Origin of the dachshund or dachshund
Dachshund or Dachshund dog breed
The dachshund or Dachshund is a dog of breed that has short legs and an elongated body. Its particular appearance is due to a genetic mutation known as bassetism that provides the specimens with short limbs in relation to the size of their body.
This dog was prepared to sniff, chase and drive away badgers and other animals that live in burrows. It is also known as the badger dog.
In several countries it was used to track wounded deer and to hunt small animals such as rabbit and fox.
Its origin comes from sniffing dogs such as Hounds and Hounds Basset. It is also thought that he may be a descendant of some Terrier.
He has a lot of personality and likes to dig.
Its origin dates back to ancient Egypt where there were already engravings of these short-legged dogs. In its modern incarnation, the dachshund is a creation of German breeders who mixed him with German, French and English dogs, in addition to Hounds and Terrier dogs.
The dachshund was seen as a symbol of Germany. He was even his pet in the 1972 Olympic Games (Munich).
The body of the dachshund is long and muscular. Its legs are short and chubby.
-Its front legs are unusually large and use them as a pallet to dig.
-He has loose skin enough not to tear when he enters the tunnel that leads to the burrow of the prey he pursues.
-Has a strong chest that provides greater lung capacity and more resistance when preparing to hunt underground prey.
-Its snout is long and has an increase in the area of the nose that allows it to absorb odors.
-Your ears are long and droopy.
-He has black nails.
-You can have amber, light brown and green eyes. However, dark ones are preferred.
This coat is provided with an outer layer of straight, shiny hair well attached to the body.
Her hair lengthens in the lower part of the body and protrudes in the ears.
It has a clearly longer feather-shaped hair on the back of the limbs.
The longest hair is at the bottom of the tail.
With the exception of the snout, eyebrows and ears, this hair is all over the body mixed with the inner layer of hair. It has it attached to the body and is thick, rough and thick.
The snout has a well-marked beard.
The eyebrows are bushy.
In the ears, the hair is almost straight and shorter than in the body.
The tail has a well-developed uniform and well-bonded hair.
The same colors are accepted in all three varieties
-Unicolor dogs: red, red-yellow, yellow, with or without mottled black, and white.
-Bicoloured dogs: deep black or light brown with a rusty red or yellow fire mark above the eyes, along the snout and lower lip and on the inner, anterior and posterior parts of the body.
- Spotted dogs (harlequins, tabby): the basic color is a dark, black, red or gray color. There may be presence of irregular gray or beige spots. Neither dark nor light should predominate. The striped color has the darkest stripe on a red and yellow background.
Sausage dogs are very playful and, like hunting dogs, can be very stubborn. They are known for their propensity to chase small animals, birds and tennis balls with great determination and ferocity.
Many dachshunds don't like people they don't know and will growl or bark.
Generally, it is an energetic dog although some are calm.
The behavior of this dog is not suitable for everyone.
They may not be the best pets for young children.
They can be aggressive and bite an unknown child, especially one that is moving quickly around them or is bothering too much.
Dachshunds are very obedient when they are well trained. They are also cheerful, affectionate, bold, willing and playful.
The long-haired variety is said to be much quieter and more docile than the other two varieties.
The short-haired dachshund is the one with the strongest character.
In general, they are barking, energetic and playful dogs that need a lot of activity.
It is advisable to devote time to these dogs. Your physical activity will be moderate but energetic.
They are very loyal animals and attached to their owners. They soon become very affectionate pets.
Despite their surprising size, they are good watchdogs who love to bark.
It is worth re-clarifying that they are good guardians of the home, a characteristic that they manifest both through the defense of their territory, and with their barking of alarm in the presence of strangers.
How old is a dachshund?
He lives around 15 or 18 years.
The dachshund should keep its weight low. Because of their anatomical shape, it is not recommended that they gain weight.
This breed is known for its spinal problems as a result of its long spine and short ribs.
Its elongated and low body, with small and short legs, can cause herniated discs and spinal injuries.
When they are adults they can suffer from diabetes and heart disease.
They may suffer from inherited eye diseases.
The spine of the dachshund is a high point that deserves attention. It is the essential support that supports the weight of your entire body and, therefore, we must pay special attention.
The special care are:
1.- The way to hold him. You should hold your limbs and back at the same time. It may seem an awkward position but you end up getting used to it.
2.- You cannot let him go up or down stairs because his back and the vertebral discs suffer a lot of pressure (he must be carried in his arms).
3.- You need to run regularly. If you do not exercise and run, you will gain weight and your back will suffer.
4.- Do not let it jump or sit on its hind legs. It is bad for your back.
Sausage dog hair care is simple since it does not require dog grooming or other aids.
The straight-haired dachshund requires a weekly brushing to remove dead hairs.
The long-haired one should be brushed more regularly to eliminate tangles that may form in his coat.
The hard-haired may need professional grooming. Logically, the short-haired dog requires less effort than the other varieties.
All types of dachshunds should have clean teeth and their nails should be cut regularly.
They adapt well to life in apartments, however, they can cause certain problems by being barkers.
How to train a puppy sausage dog
The dachshund is very intelligent and learns very fast.
It is greatly exaggerated in stating that he is stubborn and does not let himself be educated. Perhaps it is his small size that leads him to take care of him more than he should and to compromise with his whims, which are the same as those of most puppies.
To the extent that you are surrounded by love and company, you will get used to people and other pets without presenting any problems.
The socialization process is important for them and adequate to model their character and concerns.
Once they understand the rules of coexistence and are properly educated, they are affectionate, protective and very playful dogs.
How to train or educate a dachshund
In general, sausage dogs do not usually satisfy the need for obedience and respect before the authority of some people, however, a good trainer who knows how to adjust their training needs to the temperament of the animal can achieve its objectives.
These dogs need moderate, energetic and constant exercise.
Dachshunds can be trained to compete in races. The careers of these dogs attract thousands of attendees in the United States.
They are trained to enter tunnels with obstacles and without exit to locate an artificial bait.
The dachshund gathers the qualities of almost everything hunting dogs. In the hands of a hunter who knows how to train well, he will drag a hunting piece for miles until he reaches his destination.
How much should the dachshund weigh?
The dachshund, called Dachshund or Dachshund, is a breed of hunting dogs, used to hunt rabbits, hares, and other small animals. He is a very intelligent hairy who likes to learn new things if he is later given a good portion of pampering.
If we talk about your weight, the International Canine Federation (FCI) sets the following weight according to the type of dachshund:
- Standard: must weigh between 6 and 9kg. Its thoracic perimeter measures around 35cm.
- Miniature: It should weigh about 4kg, and its chest measures between 30 and 35cm.
- Kaninchen: must weigh a maximum of 3.5kg. Its thorax measures no more than 30cm.
How to take care of it so it stays fit?
If you have a Dachshund, you must provide a series of good health care. Therefore, even if it is small, It is very important that you go for a walk every day for at least 20 or 30 minutes. But in addition, at home it will be very necessary to dedicate several game sessions that have a duration of 15 minutes.
As for food, you should know that this breed has a tendency to obesity, so that just eat the amount you need feed, which will be specified in the bag.
We hope that from now on you can have better control of your dog's weight 🙂.