Animals

Most common diseases in cats

Cats are extraordinary animals. Besides being affectionate they are intelligent, independent and very active. But like all pets, they can also get sick. Those who have a pussy at home or are thinking of adopting one should know the main diseases that cats have, in order to prevent them. Cats that do not leave the house are less exposed to accidents and injuries caused by fighting with other cats. However, they are not free from suffering any disease and it is necessary to protect them by complying with the vaccination program. Next, we will see some elements to know the 5 most common diseases of cats.

Allergies: one of the most common diseases of cats

The skin of cats is very sensitive, so they often have allergies or dermatitis. This is especially common in domestic cats. Allergies are caused by the accumulation of mites in textiles and carpets or by the presence of cleaning chemicals in homes. To avoid it, it is necessary to have the house very clean and ventilated.

Feline leukemia

Feline leukemia is a type of cancer that usually affects young cats. It is a serious disease, which can be fatal. Symptoms are lack of appetite, loss

The urinary system of cats is delicate and can present problems as cats get older. Mineral stones usually form that block the urinary tract. This can cause painful urination, lack of urination, thirst, urinating outside the litter box or vomiting.. When a cat suffers from this disease, the veterinarian will give him a treatment and a special diet.

Conjunctivitis

This is one of the most common diseases of cats. It is the inflammation of the mucosa of the eye and although it is often not serious, it must be diagnosed and treated on time. Otherwise, the cat may lose sight.

This disease is not as common in domestic cats, since vaccination is almost always mandatory. But nevertheless, it can be very serious not only for them but for the humans around them. Rabies is caused by a virus transmitted by saliva through a bite of an infected animal.

These are the most common diseases of cats. To avoid them, it is necessary to comply with the vaccination schedule and consult with the veterinarian if our pussy shows any of the symptoms.

The most common serious diseases in cats

Like any living being, felines can also suffer from various diseases, some more serious than others. It turns out that in the case of cats, the vast majority of these diseases are caused by different viruses. Luckily, with proper prevention, many can be avoided, since for some vaccines already exist.

Next we will comment on the most common serious diseases that felines suffer:

Feline Panleukopenia

This feline disease is caused by a parvovirus, which in some way is related to canine parvovirus. It is also known as feline distemper, enteritis or infectious gastroenteritis. The infection is given by contact with body fluids of an infected cat. Its most common symptoms are fever and later hypothermia, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, weakness, dehydration, anorexia and when we perform blood tests we discover an important lowering of white blood cells and / or white blood cells. This viral disease affects more seriously young kittens and cats. The treatment basically consists of intravenous hydration and antibiotics among more things necessary depending on how advanced the disease is and the condition of the sick cat. This disease is deadly and that is why we must quickly separate any cat that we know is sick from others who can remain healthy. Prevention consists of vaccination and avoiding contact with other cats that are possibly already sick.

Feline pneumonitis

This disease is produced by a microorganism known as Chlamydia psittaci which produces a series of infections known as chlamydiosis which are characterized in cats by rhinitis and conjunctivitis. These microorganisms are intracellular parasites that are spread by direct contact with body fluids and secretions. It is not a disease in itself fatal, but to avoid complications which could lead to the death of the feline we must go to the veterinarian as soon as possible to start treatment. Feline pneumonitis, together with calicivirosis and feline rhinotracheitis form the known feline respiratory complex. The symptoms of feline pneumonitis are excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, red and sore eyelids, the ocular secretion is abundant and can be yellowish or greenish, in addition there are sneezing, fever, cough, nasal mucus and lack of appetite among more symptoms. The treatment should be based on antibiotics in addition to eye cleaning with special drops, rest, high carb diet and in case serum fluid therapy is necessary. As in most diseases, the best prevention will be to keep vaccines up to date and avoid contact with cats that may suffer from this disease and spread it.

Feline immunodeficiency

The virus that causes this disease is lentivirus. We commonly know this disease as feline AIDS. Its transmission usually happens in fights and during the reproduction since it is given by bite of a sick cat to another one. It greatly affects unsterilized adult cats. The symptoms that will make us suspect this disease are an absolute depression of the immune system and opportunistic secondary diseases. These secondary diseases are usually those that ultimately cause death to the affected cat. Work is being done to find a reliable vaccine, but there are cats that develop resistance to this disease by being in contact with sick cats.

Infectious peritonitis

In this case, the virus that causes the disease is a coronavirus that affects more young and occasionally older ones. its contagion it is given, above all, through the feces of infected cats and when a healthy cat sniffs them the virus is introduced through the respiratory tract. It occurs most commonly in areas with many cats such as protectors, hatcheries, colonies and other places where large numbers of felines are found living together. The most notable symptoms are fever, anorexia, increased abdomen volume and fluid accumulation in the abdomen. This is because the virus attacks white blood cells causing inflammation in the membranes of the thoracic and abdominal cavities. If it occurs in the pleura, it causes pleurisy and if it affects the peritoneum, it causes peritonitis. There is vaccination against this disease, but once contracted there is no cure and it is fatal, so it is better to follow the vaccination protocols and avoid so that our cat can get it. Only symptomatic supportive treatment can be given to relieve the pain and discomfort that the cat suffers. The best prevention is to have the vaccination up to date, avoid situations that weaken our cat and cause him stress and avoid being related to cats that may be sick.

This disease that causes a virus is widespread throughout the world and is transmitted between various species of mammals, including humans, so it is a zoonosis. It is spread through saliva inoculated with the bite of an infected animal to another. Luckily it is eradicated or at least controlled in many areas of the world as there is reliable vaccination, being mandatory in several countries.

Other common health problems in domestic cats

In the previous section we talked about the most serious main diseases, but we also want to comment other health problemsand diseasesalso common and important that cats can suffer:

  • Allergies As happens to us, cats also suffer from allergies of very diverse origins. You can check this Expert Animal article to learn more about cat allergy, its symptoms and treatment.
  • Conjunctivitis. Cats are delicate eye health, so they have easy>

    General prevention against feline diseases

    As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, the most important thing to prevent our cat from suffering from any of these diseases is the regular prevention of the agents that can cause them. We must go to the vet periodically and whenever we detect any symptoms or anything that does not fit with the normal behavior of our cat.

    We will respect the vaccination schedule, it is vital that our cat is vaccinated since the vaccines provided are precisely for some common and very serious diseases.

    It is vital that we maintain a deworming both internal and external. In the case of internal deworming there are products such as pills, tablets and other chews with the appropriate dose of antiparasitic for cats. For external deworming we have sprays, pipettes or spot-on and collars. We will never use any of these products that are not specifically made for cats. Well, we must think that as much as we give less dose than the one indicated for dogs of a product of the aforementioned, it is quite probable that we will poison our cat without wanting to.

    Finally, we must avoid the contact of our feline with others of which we do not know his health status, especially if his appearance already makes us suspect some symptoms of possible problems and diseases.

    This article is purely informative, at ExpertAnimal.com we have no power to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case he presents any type of condition or discomfort.

    If you want to read more articles similar to Most common diseases in cats, we recommend that you enter our Prevention section.

    The most common diseases in cats

    You already know that having a pet is more than just giving it a roof and food. We must ensure their well-being and cover all their needs, physical and emotional, among them be aware of any discomfort you may suffer in relation to any disease. Ignorance, sometimes, can lead us to skip actions or make mistakes.

    Therefore, it is important to stay informed, because knowledge does not take place and because, in that way, we can act when necessary. These are the most common diseases in cats:

    Otitis is a disease that is rare for a cat not to pass. It is not usually serious as long as it is acted on time, since it is only the inflammation of the ear canal that causes pain. However, if it is not treated in time it could become a serious infection that would even lead our pet to lose hearing.

    This is normally generated by parasites, fungi and bacteria. You will realize that your cat may have otitis because it will scratch the ears very often and feel uncomfortable. As soon as you see these gestures from your cat, go to the vet to make a diagnosis and apply the necessary treatment.

    Carrying out the deworming process when you mark your primer, as well as daily cleaning your cat's ears, could prevent otitis from appearing.

    Intestinal problems

    Animals often have anxiety about eating, so they bring anything they find along the way to their mouths. That is why, on many occasions, they suffer from vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite or any other symptom that shows that there is a gastrointestinal problem.

    In these cases It is best to make the animal fast or give it a very soft diet and plenty of water to stay hydrated. However, before any symptoms, to ensure that it is nothing more serious, it is best to go to the veterinarian.

    If you are attentive to any change in the attitude or health of your pet, you can recognize any of the diseases most common in cats. So, do not hesitate to visit a specialist because sometimes it could be a symptom of something serious that can be fixed if you act on time.

    The most common diseases of cats

    A good part of These feline diseases can be avoided by complying with the vaccination program Your veterinarian will mark you. So never forget the calendar!

    But even if you are careful to comply with the entire prevention protocol, you need to know in advance what are the most frequent diseases of cats and how to identify their symptoms.

    No matter how much attention you pay to the care of your cat, you will not always be able to avoid suffering from some kind of illness. Because of an infection, food poisoning, genetic causes, the action of parasites ... Any of these reasons can cause your pet to contract any of the feline diseases more frequent.

    Renal impairment in cats

    The renal failure in cats or chronic renal failure is one of the most common diseases in cats that are already adults.

    It is mainly due to a kidney malfunction for a continuous period. The disease is irreversible and prevents these organs from performing their functions normally, so the cat will not be able to remove impurities from the blood.

    At present it is not known what exactly produces it, but a early diagnostic and the change to a diet, especially adapted for them, that reduces the work of the kidneys, can prolong their quality of life. The bad thing about this disease is that the symptoms are late and it is very important to detect them in time, because it is vital for them.

    Gastrointestinal disorders

    They are very frequent problems but, fortunately, of low severity. They do not go beyond the discomfort that can cause the cat or you, as a suffered owner, if you have to clean up vomiting or stools made outside the place indicated for them.

    These disorders may arise after accidental intake of parasites, spoiled food or that are not one hundred percent digestible by the digestive system of cats or food allergies. It is unlikely that a domestic cat will suffer from a really serious poisoning. In any case, it will require veterinary attention, since the symptoms can be painful or, at least, annoying. In addition, side effects can result from dehydration, muscle aches, etc.

    This article by FeelCats we talk about diarrhea in cats and feline pancreaitis

    The feline otitis it is, as in the case of people, the ear swelling. It can cause pain and cause temporary hearing loss.

    The causes for which an otitis can appear are diverse. It can develop if, for any reason, your cat meets the somewhat low defenses. The arrival of spring, when it coincides that the environment is wetter and there is a rise in temperatures, can also lead to the appearance of otitis. Even coming into contact with another animal that has it can cause a contagion.

    Otitis is more frequent in puppies and young cats (up to two years). Also in those with long hair, because the hair prevents good ventilation of the ear, which in turn causes an increase in humidity and the appearance of bacteria and fungi.

    Have you noticed that your companion animal frequently shakes its head, crushes it with force more than normal, scratches and is restless? Also, have you seen a dark color and bad smell in the inner part of the ear? You may have a feline otitis.

    But you can always do something to prevent it from appearing. It is important to maintain a proper hygiene, dry the ears well after bathing, provide a balanced diet and make periodic reviews.

    Allergies and dermatitis

    The skin is one of the most sensitive organs of the cat and also one of the most likely to get sick. Especially common are skin diseases in domestic cats. This is due, on the one hand, to the continuous contact with the mites that accumulate in the textile elements of the homes. On the other, the presence in the environment of numerous cleaning chemicals.

    Allergies to some components of processed foods can also lead to dermatitis.

    In most of these cases, a clean and well ventilated house will help your cat not suffer from any of these skin diseases. Regarding food allergies, you can avoid them by giving your faithful friend a diet as balanced and natural as possible.

    But, apart from these precautions, you should also pay attention to the appearance of allergic flea dermatitis in cats. For this it is important that you do periodic deworming and that you protect him with pipettes, pills and antiparasitic collars, sprays, or similar products.

    Ringworm is a highly contagious fungal infection. It can even be transmitted from cats to humans, so it is vitally important that you take steps to prevent it. If, however, you see signs of this disease in your pet, go immediately to the veterinarian because it spreads very quickly.

    One of the most obvious symptoms is the appearance of big bald scattered around the cat's fur.

    An undernourished pussy can be easily infected by fungi. Also if you spend a lot of time with the wet body or in contact with other sick cats. Therefore, if you procure a good quality of life and food, it is unlikely that you can get ringworm.

    General prevention for cat health

    The conclusion that you will surely have reached is that many of the diseases of cats can be avoided in a simple way. Enough with apply a program of prevention and annual vaccinations of cats.

    Other inevitable diseases have, fortunately, treatment. Therefore, they may be cured or at least see their effects diminished and thus not interfere with an acceptable quality of life.

    If you combine veterinary care with adequate living and feeding conditions, your cat will remain strong and healthy for many years and you will greatly avoid the cat diseases.